Infertility may be a troubling condition for many couples or individuals. This is a condition that may be present if you and your partner have been trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant for a year or six months if over the age of 35. There may be various causes of infertility among females such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), but male infertility may also play a role in preventing a couple from becoming pregnant. The first step in the treatment process is often identifying the cause of the problem and then proceeding with possible treatment solutions.
One possible cause is Varicocele, which is a condition affecting about 40% of infertile males. This may be caused by the enlargement of the veins that are located in the scrotum, which may resemble varicose veins. This may cause the temperature to increase, which may affect sperm production and quality. Another condition that may lead to male infertility is cryptorchidism, which occurs when the testes do not properly descend into the scrotum. Corrective surgery may be needed to treat this condition, although the problem may resolve on its own.
Abnormal sperm morphology may indicate defects with the sperm’s head or tail such as large or misshapen head or crooked tail. A double tail may also be present. This may be a detriment to the sperm’s ability to reach or penetrate the egg. There may be some misshapen sperm present, but a sample is typically not considered abnormal unless most of the sperm are misshapen.
Environmental factors such as dietary deficiencies, taking anabolic steroids, x-ray exposure, alcohol consumption or infectious disease may affect the spermatogenesis process, which may adversely affect sperm production.
What’s more, males whose mothers were given diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic form of estrogen that was formerly given to pregnant women, may be at higher risk of non-cancerous growths on the testicles. They may be at greater risk for undescended testicles or having a misplaced opening of the penis. Injuries suffered during sports or through accidents may damage the reproductive system as well, while hormone deficiencies may affect male fertility as well.
Certain medications may harm fertility or contribute to sexual dysfunction. For this reason, the patient is encouraged to disclose all medications he is taking to his doctor when consulting regarding infertility. Certain diseases or illnesses may affect fertility as well including cystic fibrosis, while men who have undergone chemotherapy or who have had a sexually transmitted disease may be at a greater risk of experiencing infertility.
Source by Justin DiMateo