The prostate gland is an essential and sometimes troublesome element of the male reproductive system. It is located in front of the rectum and underneath the bladder and surrounding the urinary canal (urethra). A healthy prostate has been described as being slightly smaller than a ping pong ball and often increases in size as the years advance.
The prostate is composed primarily of muscle tissue with the primary function to squeeze fluid from the prostate into the urethra where it is combined with sperm produced by the testicles. Although sperm is produced by the testicles, the prostate generates a fluid that helps the sperm to survive.
An adequate supply of the hormone testosterone is essential for a healthy and functioning prostate. As a man reaches middle age, the body begins to produce less testosterone which can lead to increasing health problems with the prostate.
Imagine a drinking straw passing through the hole of a donut. The straw is the urethra, which is the channel that the body passes oriente. The prostate is the donut. Now consider what would happen if the donut became swollen and the center hole became smaller and smaller. This exactly what happens when a man experiences an enlarged prostate. An enlarged prostate can lead to a myriad of health problems the worst of all being, of course, prostate cancer.
However, the symptoms also include the frequent need to urinate as the swollen gland puts pressure directly on the bladder. Unfortunately, passing urine is difficult because the passage is restricted. BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia is the common term for an enlarged prostate and may result in stopping the flow of urine exclusively.
Source by David Parton